Water & Sewer Utilities Industry Profile

Report Page Length: 10-12
Last Quarterly Update: 3/20/2023
SIC Codes: 4941, 4952
NAICS Codes: 2213
Chapters Include:
Industry Overview Trends & Challenges Industry Forecast
Quarterly Industry Update Call Prep Questions Website & Media Links
Business Challenges Financial Information Glossary & Acronyms
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Excerpt from Water & Sewer Utilities Industry Profile

Companies in this industry operate water treatment and water supply systems; sewer systems and sewage treatment facilities; and steam and air-conditioning supply systems. Major companies include American Water, Cal Water, and Essential Utilities (all based in the US), along with Sabesp (Brazil), SUEZ and Veolia (both based in France), and Thames Water (UK).

Though public utilities dominate, competition among private water management companies takes place in major markets in Europe, Asia, Australia, and the Americas. The global water and wastewater treatment market was valued at $263 billion in 2020. The market is projected to reach a value almost $500 billion by 2028, according to Statista. The world's population is expected to reach 9.7 billion by 2050, and water demand is growing at twice the rate of the global population.

The US commercial water and sewer utilities industry includes about 5,000 establishments (single-location companies and units of multi-location companies) with combined annual revenue of about $15 billion. The commercial industry is small compared to the water and sewer services operated by many regional and local governments in the US.


Demand depends on commercial and residential water needs, which are related to population growth and to the level of economic activity. The profitability of individual companies depends on efficiency of operations, because prices are fixed by public utility commissions (PUCs). Large companies have economies of scale in operations and the ability to ...

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