Grain Farming Industry Profile

Report Page Length: 10-12
Last Quarterly Update: 4/29/2024
SIC Codes: 0111, 0112, 0115
NAICS Codes: 11114, 11115, 11116
Chapters Include:
Industry Overview Trends & Challenges Industry Forecast
Quarterly Industry Update Call Prep Questions Website & Media Links
Business Challenges Financial Information Glossary & Acronyms
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Excerpt from Grain Farming Industry Profile

Farms in this industry grow field corn, wheat, or rice crops and seeds. No major companies dominate the industry.

Worldwide production of corn, wheat, and rice production is about 2.4 billion metric tons, according to Statista. The most important grain was corn, based on a production amount of over 1.2 billion metric tons. The United States accounting for nearly a third of total corn exports worldwide, according to Farmdocdaily.

The US Crop industry, which includes the grain farming industry, with combined annual cash receipts of about $280 billion.

Producers of sweet corn, a vegetable, are included in the Vegetable & Melon Farming industry profile.


Demand is driven by government policies and trends in eating grains, meat, and corn-based sweeteners, such as high-fructose corn syrup. Ethanol use has also become a factor in recent years. The profitability of individual companies depends on maximizing crop yield and minimizing disease risk. Large companies have advantages in highly mechanized operations and access to the latest in genetically modified (GM) grains. Small operations can compete by specializing in organic or non-GM grains.

Grain farms compete against oilseed and vegetable crops for farm acreage, as farmers tend to plant and harvest crops with the highest yield and payout. Field corn competes against crushed oilseed as a livestock food source.

The US is a net exporter of grains. The US primarily exports to Mexico and Japan for both wheat ...

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